Ancient underground structures
The sanctuary, close to Mayak, which was excavated in the Northern Caucasus, in early medieval Bulgaria. All of them are built on the principle of “square in square”, that is, inside a large rectangular or square structures there is less, if a rectangular square shape, inside of which a fire was burning. This is one of the characteristic traditions of the Turkic religious buildings where worship of fire, sun, light has occupied an important place.
In 1988 in the study of Vlasov Second burial ground of the bronze age and early iron age, situated 2 miles North of the village of Vlasivka of Gribanovsky area of the Voronezh region (excavations by A. T. Sinica and D. V. Berezutsky) revealed very interesting and totally unique building – underground labyrinth, construction area of about 254 square meters (the scheme ).
It led rectangular wells-inputs area 0.9 to 3.6 square meters. The depth of the wells from layer 1-1,5 meters. From each one came the moves, laid out in the mainland or more above the floor of the well, or on his level. Vzaimoponimanii moves, but overall they were a maze, approaching a square shape. Stroke width of 0.75 – 1 meter, and only the occasional 0.5 to 1.5 meters, height of 1 – 1.3 meters, but there are areas and of lower elevation. All the wells are connected by moves on the perimeter and through the center, where was built a “Yurt”, is also recessed in the mainland. In her semi raskidanaye with a diameter of 0.2 meters, in which, under the assumption of the researchers, was a wooden or stone idol. Top “Yurt” was a domed structure, which “hid” (like the maze) under the ground and plastered the same continental clay. Idol has survived. He was probably removed after the cessation of the functioning of the labyrinth as a religious complex.
Near the pit, in which stood the idol, were found the bones of an adult human is probably the remains of ritual sacrifice. Furthermore, in the passages of the labyrinth, in its Eastern half found six animal sacrifice: a horse skull, bones of sheep. In one of them along with the skull of the horse was bits and curb bits. In the Southeast corner of the maze, near the well on the floor of one of the moves was “the altar stone in the form of large quartzite slabs … with traces of smoothing on the outer surface” (Sinuk T. A. Berezutsky V. D. early Medieval underground sanctuary-maze // the Soviet archeology. 1991. No. 3. P. 250-261).
The authors of the excavations and the publication of this monument is quite true and reasonably complex dates back to VII – IX centuries and is connected with the Turkic ethno-cultural world, believing that he planographics device is consistent with the sanctuaries on the principle of “square in square” adopted in the environment of the early Bulgarians. The building is structurally in common with Mayak sanctuary, though the role Players in the labyrinth of religious rites, according to S. A. Pletneva, was somewhat different than Mayak sanctuary. As suggested by S. A. Pletneva, the maze played a huge role in the ceremonies of initiation of young men, who were to move through a narrow and long confusing passages, in the dark, be sure to reach the center, where he was “consecrating the priest, a kind of local Minotaur”. Penpen was in the beginning, in the Eastern part of the labyrinth, sacrifice, and then to choose the right direction. “It was a exam of patience, guidance and courage, because in the center the young man had to expect the most serious test” (Vinnikov A. Z. Pletnev, S. A. On the Northern borders of the Khazar Kaganate. Mayatsky settlement. Voronezh, 1998. P. 206).
I agree with A. T. Sinocom and D. V. Berezutsky on the fact that this temple was built, or for short-term, or even for single use.