It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions from the Gothic Cathedral. They are high and reach for the sky endless arrows of towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches. But more striking is not how much height. how much wealth aspects. opening, when you circle around the Cathedral.
Gothic cathedrals are not only high, but also very long: for example Chartres has a length of 130 meters and the length of the transept is 64 meters, and to work around around it is required to pass at least half a kilometer. And with each point the Cathedral looks new. Unlike the Romanesque Church with its clear, easily observable forms. the Gothic Cathedral is vast, often asymmetrical and even heterogeneous in its parts: each of its facades with their individual portal. Walls are not felt, they would not have. Arches, galleries, towers, some sites with arcades, huge Windows, on and on – infinitely complex, delicate open forms.
And all this space is inhabited – the Cathedral both inside and outside is inhabited by a mass of sculptures ( in the Chartres Cathedral about ten thousand sculptures). They occupy not only the portals and galleries, but they can also be found on the roof, the eaves, under the arches of the chapels, spiral staircases, occur in the gutter,on consoles. In short, the Gothic Cathedral is the world. He really has absorbed the world of the medieval city. Continue reading
Empirical observation from everyday experience in the field of personal life, and eventually of social practice was the basis of hygienic knowledge already in ancient times. Based on the instinctive desire of people to preserve life and health, these observations gradually expanded. Depending on the climatic conditions in which people lived, from the habits and social organization of society, hygiene measures, covering a wider field of life improved, although there are no theoretical foundations for their improvement did not exist: the practice is considerably ahead of theory, as is often the case in other areas of human knowledge.
The simplest hygienic rules, some of which have survived until now, were known to many ancient peoples 3000-4000 years BC. In ancient Chinese medical books were discovered hygienic rules and tips regarding proper diet, mode of work, rest and sleep, and beneficial effects of natural factors on human health. Continue reading
Know, sons of the Victorious, these three worlds is only mind.
Victorious not based its teachings upon faith in the correctness of any one system, but taught according to needs and abilities of those who led.
The Buddha told Ananda. “Whereupon are the heaven of Yama, Tushita, and all the heavens of the world of forms and the world without forms?” Ananda replied: “They approved the inconceivable power of karma.”
Many Buddhist texts written on the basis of the experience obtained through the practice of Right Samādhi and the attainment of Wisdom, contain descriptions of the various worlds of the universe. These texts give the leash a simple interpretation of the content of the worlds, because it is too large for a detailed description and would take a huge amount, losing ease of understanding. The Buddha talked about a detailed explanation of the worlds of the universe “. it is pointless to talk about such things with people who do not have relevant experience”. Continue reading