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CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC LIBRARY

Gothic art

It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions

of a Gothic Cathedral. They are high and reach for the sky infinite arrows

towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches. But more striking

not so much height. how much wealth aspects. opening when

you circle around the Cathedral.

Gothic cathedrals are not only high, but also very long: for example

has a length of 130 meters and the length of the transept is 64 meters, and to

around it is required to pass at least half a kilometer. Continue reading

The Gothic Cathedral

It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions from the Gothic Cathedral. They are high and reach for the sky endless arrows of towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches. But more striking is not how much height. how much wealth aspects. opening, when you circle around the Cathedral.

Gothic cathedrals are not only high, but also very long: for example Chartres has a length of 130 meters and the length of the transept is 64 meters, and to work around around it is required to pass at least half a kilometer. And with each point the Cathedral looks new. Unlike the Romanesque Church with its clear, easily observable forms. the Gothic Cathedral is vast, often asymmetrical and even heterogeneous in its parts: each of its facades with their individual portal. Walls are not felt, they would not have. Arches, galleries, towers, some sites with arcades, huge Windows, on and on – infinitely complex, delicate open forms.

And all this space is inhabited – the Cathedral both inside and outside is inhabited by a mass of sculptures ( in the Chartres Cathedral about ten thousand sculptures). They occupy not only the portals and galleries, but they can also be found on the roof, the eaves, under the arches of the chapels, spiral staircases, occur in the gutter,on consoles. In short, the Gothic Cathedral is the world. He really has absorbed the world of the medieval city. Continue reading

All the bridges of the world

Bridges trace their history back to ancient times. In the old days – it was just the primitive tools in kind of a log, thrown across small water barriers. Further, in the era of the slave system began to appear the first stone bridges. The most advanced in this building were the ancient Romans. During construction they have already used the cement, the secret of which was initially forgotten, but in the middle ages resumed. In the Roman Empire for the supply of towns water used aqueducts, which was a great progress and confirmation of the greatness of the Empire. By the way, the bridges built by Roman builders use nowadays.

By the Chronicles of the times of the X century the Slavs used in the construction of bridges mainly wood and not stone.

In the twelfth century appears the first floating bridge in Kiev, and the Incas up with hanging rope bridges.

But every era and every century was struck by the architecture of its bridges. Continue reading

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