Empirical observation from everyday experience in the field of personal life, and eventually of social practice was the basis of hygienic knowledge already in ancient times. Based on the instinctive desire of people to preserve life and health, these observations gradually expanded. Depending on the climatic conditions in which people lived, from the habits and social organization of society, hygiene measures, covering a wider field of life improved, although there are no theoretical foundations for their improvement did not exist: the practice is considerably ahead of theory, as is often the case in other areas of human knowledge.
The simplest hygienic rules, some of which have survived until now, were known to many ancient peoples 3000-4000 years BC. In ancient Chinese medical books were discovered hygienic rules and tips regarding proper diet, mode of work, rest and sleep, and beneficial effects of natural factors on human health. Continue reading
The sanctuary, close to Mayak, which was excavated in the Northern Caucasus, in early medieval Bulgaria. All of them are built on the principle of “square in square”, that is, inside a large rectangular or square structures there is less, if a rectangular square shape, inside of which a fire was burning. This is one of the characteristic traditions of the Turkic religious buildings where worship of fire, sun, light has occupied an important place.
In 1988 in the study of Vlasov Second burial ground of the bronze age and early iron age, situated 2 miles North of the village of Vlasivka of Gribanovsky area of the Voronezh region (excavations by A. T. Sinica and D. V. Berezutsky) revealed very interesting and totally unique building – underground labyrinth, construction area of about 254 square meters (the scheme ). Continue reading
If you’ve never heard of the word “Dolmen”, then probably you have question: “what is it?”
Dolmens – this is the First wonder of the world – one of the most mysterious types of archaeological monuments. A miracle that is found in many countries of the world. Dolmens have tremendous power, of which there is no explanation.
Dolmens – “stone boxes” – refers to megalithic structures. Megaliths (from Greek Megas – large and lithos – stone), these ancient structures from multi-ton, often carefully crafted stone blocks are well known in the world.
Megalithic monuments of Europe appear at the end of the VI Millennium BC (about 7.5 thousand years ago). Just before they started building in France. Here in the Western Caucasus the first dolmens were erected in the late fourth Millennium BC In numbers, it is about 3400 BC (plus or minus 50-70 years). This date was obtained as the result of the radiocarbon analysis. Continue reading