The mandala known since ancient times as a unique gravelly ((from the Greek. γράφω — write -EMA) is a unit of written speech (in the alphabet — the letter eg. and . b, etc.; in non-alphabetic writing systems — syllabic sign, a hieroglyph, ideogram, etc.)), occurring at different times, in different countries and different nationalities. The most ancient graphemes, which appeared in the Paleolithic and the Neolithic, are Chevron (open triangle), the zigzag, the cross, and the mandala-a circle with dots and without them, and some others.
Celtica Mandala protection warriors:
It creates a focus for deep meditation. Includes not depicted visually in the center. He relies using the concentration figures and is a visualization of the obstacles to the attainment of the Centre.
Mandala has a chart of sacred art. It is present as an unconscious symbolism organize a certain space for the purpose of ornament or use and the mystical pursuit of the highest Association. The major components of balanced and concentric geometric shapes. Continue reading
If you’ve never heard of the word “Dolmen”, then probably you have question: “what is it?”
Dolmens – this is the First wonder of the world – one of the most mysterious types of archaeological monuments. A miracle that is found in many countries of the world. Dolmens have tremendous power, of which there is no explanation.
Dolmens – “stone boxes” – refers to megalithic structures. Megaliths (from Greek Megas – large and lithos – stone), these ancient structures from multi-ton, often carefully crafted stone blocks are well known in the world.
Megalithic monuments of Europe appear at the end of the VI Millennium BC (about 7.5 thousand years ago). Just before they started building in France. Here in the Western Caucasus the first dolmens were erected in the late fourth Millennium BC In numbers, it is about 3400 BC (plus or minus 50-70 years). This date was obtained as the result of the radiocarbon analysis. Continue reading
1382 Russian soldiers for the first time to successfully put into field artillery. Reflecting the attacks of the besieged city of the Horde, the Muscovites, as the annals say, “mattresses puschu in NJ, some of the crossbow strelau chibaku and vices, and other great guns puschu”.
The emergence of new weapons in Russia was quite natural and historically conditioned. In the X century warriors to the princes Igor and Svyatoslav, Novgorod warriors is widely used in the fights throwing machine. Melee weapons and metal armor, made by blacksmiths, gunsmiths, has long been in great demand in the feudal countries of East and West. By the middle of the XIV century in the capital of the Duchy of Moscow started the production of gunpowder. As you can see, by this time in Russia there was a material base for the development of artillery. Let us add that almost all Russian principalities had to fight a continuous defensive wars against hungry of foreign lands the foe, advancing from different sides. Continue reading