The mandala known since ancient times as a unique gravelly ((from the Greek. γράφω — write -EMA) is a unit of written speech (in the alphabet — the letter eg. and . b, etc.; in non-alphabetic writing systems — syllabic sign, a hieroglyph, ideogram, etc.)), occurring at different times, in different countries and different nationalities. The most ancient graphemes, which appeared in the Paleolithic and the Neolithic, are Chevron (open triangle), the zigzag, the cross, and the mandala-a circle with dots and without them, and some others.
Celtica Mandala protection warriors:
It creates a focus for deep meditation. Includes not depicted visually in the center. He relies using the concentration figures and is a visualization of the obstacles to the attainment of the Centre.
Mandala has a chart of sacred art. It is present as an unconscious symbolism organize a certain space for the purpose of ornament or use and the mystical pursuit of the highest Association. The major components of balanced and concentric geometric shapes. Continue reading
The culmination of the development of medieval European art is restrained mystical Gothic style, which replaced the lush extravagance of the Romanesque style. Bright mosaic stained glass Windows, soaring spires of the needles, the glow of gold, expression, a Symphony of harmonious combination of light, glass and stone – can be figuratively characterized the Gothic style in the interior. The term “Gothic” appeared in Sunny Italy during the Renaissance. So ironically the Romans called the primitive barbaric cultures of the passing into oblivion of the middle ages. First, the word “Gothic” was used in literature when the author wanted to somewhat ironic to denote in the text distorted Latin. Later Gothic became a definite architectural style, which in a nutshell can be called eerily majestic.
To reproduce in modern homes the Gothic style is not so easy, but its individual elements are often used when creating projects of country houses. Continue reading
The idea of a unified architectural plan, which built all the Gothic churches, raised for the first time, it seems, by Victor Hugo in “Notre Dame de Paris”, right, not demanded from its author’s great analytical depth. This idea lies on the surface, obvious to anyone who visited a number of iconic buildings of Gothic architecture. Nevertheless, the impression on “all ye who enter here incoming” all of them are different, and some do not produce any. All of the people, the skeletons of which are also virtually indistinguishable from each other.
On what basis is the Prague St. Vitus Cathedral is considered one of the greatest Gothic churches in the world? For its size it will not, perhaps, in the list of the first fifty of them. Its interior decoration and especially the stained glass Windows really make a strong impression, but also their unique, after all, difficult to call. In particular, the stained glass chapel of Saint-Chapelle in Paris, at least, not worse. Then what? This question must, apparently, to meet the professionals – architects or art historians, the majority of the “uninitiated” so, the only conclusion ultra-high concentration in this structure, the basic concept of Gothic architecture: “awesome greatness”. Continue reading