The megalithic temples of Malta, which since 1980 are included in the list of protected cultural objects of UNESCO world heritage sites, are a fractured group of seven prehistoric sanctuaries, built with the help of huge stone boulders on the Islands of Malta and Gozo. Just within the boundaries of the Maltese archipelago rises more than twenty similar structures, which are one thousand years older than the Egyptian pyramid complex at Giza. All of them were created with the use of megaliths – huge stone blocks, partially or completely treated. The size of some of the stones reach eight meters in length and a weight of fifty tons. Like their more famous counterparts Machu Picchu in Peru and Stonehenge in the English County of Wiltshire, the temples were built in the same style without the use of any fastening solution.
Still remain unknown the explanation of such an unusual construction designs, each of which has its own unique history. Continue reading
The culmination of the development of medieval European art is restrained mystical Gothic style, which replaced the lush extravagance of the Romanesque style. Bright mosaic stained glass Windows, soaring spires of the needles, the glow of gold, expression, a Symphony of harmonious combination of light, glass and stone – can be figuratively characterized the Gothic style in the interior. The term “Gothic” appeared in Sunny Italy during the Renaissance. So ironically the Romans called the primitive barbaric cultures of the passing into oblivion of the middle ages. First, the word “Gothic” was used in literature when the author wanted to somewhat ironic to denote in the text distorted Latin. Later Gothic became a definite architectural style, which in a nutshell can be called eerily majestic.
To reproduce in modern homes the Gothic style is not so easy, but its individual elements are often used when creating projects of country houses. Continue reading
The idea of a unified architectural plan, which built all the Gothic churches, raised for the first time, it seems, by Victor Hugo in “Notre Dame de Paris”, right, not demanded from its author’s great analytical depth. This idea lies on the surface, obvious to anyone who visited a number of iconic buildings of Gothic architecture. Nevertheless, the impression on “all ye who enter here incoming” all of them are different, and some do not produce any. All of the people, the skeletons of which are also virtually indistinguishable from each other.
On what basis is the Prague St. Vitus Cathedral is considered one of the greatest Gothic churches in the world? For its size it will not, perhaps, in the list of the first fifty of them. Its interior decoration and especially the stained glass Windows really make a strong impression, but also their unique, after all, difficult to call. In particular, the stained glass chapel of Saint-Chapelle in Paris, at least, not worse. Then what? This question must, apparently, to meet the professionals – architects or art historians, the majority of the “uninitiated” so, the only conclusion ultra-high concentration in this structure, the basic concept of Gothic architecture: “awesome greatness”. Continue reading