The megalithic temples of Malta

Among other things to history, the Maltese archipelago is still world famous for the fact that the oldest man-made structures on Earth are located in these places. This is the megalithic temples. The man, who had never encountered such prehistoric monuments, often raises a number of questions: what kind of temples such as their, where, for what purpose were erected? Let’s start from the very beginning that there is a megalith in General?

In simple terms, is any religious building, built of huge semi-finished or rough boulders, among which are the dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (separately from each other standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence).

Here are cromlechs megaliths. The best known among the cromlechs are considered to be in the world of Carnac (France) and Stonehenge (England) is, but the Maltese buildings are older, they also differ in “accuracy” — on the territory, comparable to a small European city located more than twenty temples. Continue reading

Megalithic structures

The dolmens.

The name “megalithic culture” that we often use, reflects our confusion rather than understanding: it literally is just “the culture of the big stones”. And given the fact that stone structures can be found in almost all parts of the world, and that their very presence and technique evokes deep respect for the builders and a lot of questions, allows scientists and researchers of megaliths to relax and not to reckon with the fact that we actually have. And certainly does not tally the construction of megaliths and the statues of Easter island, the Peruvian lines and shapes, Chinese, Egyptian pyramids and the pyramids of other countries and peoples with a man in skins and a stone axe, which, according to official science, lived in that distant era.

Transport of stone blocks was a challenge yet, perhaps more time-consuming than the construction itself. In terms of, for example, of the Caucasus, where he found more than 2000 dolmens (and this is not the limit!), at that time the scientists were hardly the road. Continue reading

Famous Gothic buildings

Design schemes

The basis for determining a constructive solution of large-panel residential building is its structural diagram.

In practice, the design and construction of large-panel buildings used a significant amount of different design schemes, because of the large variety of space-planning decisions, different levels of development of building materials industry and production of precast products, security of construction sites lifting and transport equipment. The importance in the choice of structural schemes is their techno-economic evaluation. Depending on the constructive scheme of the building materials are defined and the nomenclature of assemblies, depend on it the methods of construction of buildings and technical-economic indicators of large-panel construction.

On the constructive scheme of the large buildings, divided into the frame, and frameless buildings with an incomplete skeleton.

Prefab large-panel houses main structure has a frame consisting of columns and beams. The columns of frame are available both at external, n internal walls; girders can be placed transversely or along the building. Continue reading

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