The mandala known since ancient times as a unique gravelly ((from the Greek. γράφω — write -EMA) is a unit of written speech (in the alphabet — the letter eg. and . b, etc.; in non-alphabetic writing systems — syllabic sign, a hieroglyph, ideogram, etc.)), occurring at different times, in different countries and different nationalities. The most ancient graphemes, which appeared in the Paleolithic and the Neolithic, are Chevron (open triangle), the zigzag, the cross, and the mandala-a circle with dots and without them, and some others.
Celtica Mandala protection warriors:
It creates a focus for deep meditation. Includes not depicted visually in the center. He relies using the concentration figures and is a visualization of the obstacles to the attainment of the Centre.
Mandala has a chart of sacred art. It is present as an unconscious symbolism organize a certain space for the purpose of ornament or use and the mystical pursuit of the highest Association. The major components of balanced and concentric geometric shapes. Continue reading
CALLANISH SCOTTISH STONEHENGE
The stones and arches of Stonehenge indicate the points of sunrise and sunset and the moon as they move in the course of the year . During the transition from winter to summer the Sun rises every day a little further North than the day before, and reaches the northernmost position at the summer solstice; this provision noted the Heel stone, which was set with striking for that time (2000 – 1500 BC) the accuracy of 0.2°. During the transition from summer to winter every day the Sun rises a little further South than the day before, and reaches its southern most position at the winter solstice; this position is marked by arches. The points of sunrise and sunset in the vernal and autumnal equinoxes are also marked. Thus, in total, six positions of the Sun.
Quite similarly and the Moon rises every night in different points of the horizon, but its movement from the extreme Northern to the extreme southern position occurs much faster than the Sun: two weeks, not six months. Continue reading
Empirical observation from everyday experience in the field of personal life, and eventually of social practice was the basis of hygienic knowledge already in ancient times. Based on the instinctive desire of people to preserve life and health, these observations gradually expanded. Depending on the climatic conditions in which people lived, from the habits and social organization of society, hygiene measures, covering a wider field of life improved, although there are no theoretical foundations for their improvement did not exist: the practice is considerably ahead of theory, as is often the case in other areas of human knowledge.
The simplest hygienic rules, some of which have survived until now, were known to many ancient peoples 3000-4000 years BC. In ancient Chinese medical books were discovered hygienic rules and tips regarding proper diet, mode of work, rest and sleep, and beneficial effects of natural factors on human health. Continue reading