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CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC LIBRARY

Gothic art

It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions

of a Gothic Cathedral. They are high and reach for the sky infinite arrows

towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches. But more striking

not so much height. how much wealth aspects. opening when

you circle around the Cathedral.

Gothic cathedrals are not only high, but also very long: for example

has a length of 130 meters and the length of the transept is 64 meters, and to

around it is required to pass at least half a kilometer. Continue reading

The Gothic Cathedral

It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions from the Gothic Cathedral. They are high and reach for the sky endless arrows of towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches. But more striking is not how much height. how much wealth aspects. opening, when you circle around the Cathedral.

Gothic cathedrals are not only high, but also very long: for example Chartres has a length of 130 meters and the length of the transept is 64 meters, and to work around around it is required to pass at least half a kilometer. And with each point the Cathedral looks new. Unlike the Romanesque Church with its clear, easily observable forms. the Gothic Cathedral is vast, often asymmetrical and even heterogeneous in its parts: each of its facades with their individual portal. Walls are not felt, they would not have. Arches, galleries, towers, some sites with arcades, huge Windows, on and on – infinitely complex, delicate open forms.

And all this space is inhabited – the Cathedral both inside and outside is inhabited by a mass of sculptures ( in the Chartres Cathedral about ten thousand sculptures). They occupy not only the portals and galleries, but they can also be found on the roof, the eaves, under the arches of the chapels, spiral staircases, occur in the gutter,on consoles. In short, the Gothic Cathedral is the world. He really has absorbed the world of the medieval city. Continue reading

Hygiene in ancient times and the feudal system

Empirical observation from everyday experience in the field of personal life, and eventually of social practice was the basis of hygienic knowledge already in ancient times. Based on the instinctive desire of people to preserve life and health, these observations gradually expanded. Depending on the climatic conditions in which people lived, from the habits and social organization of society, hygiene measures, covering a wider field of life improved, although there are no theoretical foundations for their improvement did not exist: the practice is considerably ahead of theory, as is often the case in other areas of human knowledge.

The simplest hygienic rules, some of which have survived until now, were known to many ancient peoples 3000-4000 years BC. In ancient Chinese medical books were discovered hygienic rules and tips regarding proper diet, mode of work, rest and sleep, and beneficial effects of natural factors on human health. Continue reading

The most mysterious places on our planet
Today science has reached the highest development, scientists can explain almost everything that happens in our land. However there are places on the planet that still preserve their little secrets.…

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Interesting Gothic buildings in Moscow
The Gothic structure is a special place, danastasia aesthetes can admire ostrokonechniki and other elements. Sometimes you can hear the shuddering touting ghosts. In the capital of Russia there are…

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Famous Gothic buildings
Design schemes The basis for determining a constructive solution of large-panel residential building is its structural diagram. In practice, the design and construction of large-panel buildings used a significant amount…

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