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CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC LIBRARY

Gothic art

It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions

of a Gothic Cathedral. They are high and reach for the sky infinite arrows

towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches. But more striking

not so much height. how much wealth aspects. opening when

you circle around the Cathedral.

Gothic cathedrals are not only high, but also very long: for example

has a length of 130 meters and the length of the transept is 64 meters, and to

around it is required to pass at least half a kilometer. Continue reading

The Gothic Cathedral

It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions from the Gothic Cathedral. They are high and reach for the sky endless arrows of towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches. But more striking is not how much height. how much wealth aspects. opening, when you circle around the Cathedral.

Gothic cathedrals are not only high, but also very long: for example Chartres has a length of 130 meters and the length of the transept is 64 meters, and to work around around it is required to pass at least half a kilometer. And with each point the Cathedral looks new. Unlike the Romanesque Church with its clear, easily observable forms. the Gothic Cathedral is vast, often asymmetrical and even heterogeneous in its parts: each of its facades with their individual portal. Walls are not felt, they would not have. Arches, galleries, towers, some sites with arcades, huge Windows, on and on – infinitely complex, delicate open forms.

And all this space is inhabited – the Cathedral both inside and outside is inhabited by a mass of sculptures ( in the Chartres Cathedral about ten thousand sculptures). They occupy not only the portals and galleries, but they can also be found on the roof, the eaves, under the arches of the chapels, spiral staircases, occur in the gutter,on consoles. In short, the Gothic Cathedral is the world. He really has absorbed the world of the medieval city. Continue reading

Hygiene in ancient times and the feudal system

Empirical observation from everyday experience in the field of personal life, and eventually of social practice was the basis of hygienic knowledge already in ancient times. Based on the instinctive desire of people to preserve life and health, these observations gradually expanded. Depending on the climatic conditions in which people lived, from the habits and social organization of society, hygiene measures, covering a wider field of life improved, although there are no theoretical foundations for their improvement did not exist: the practice is considerably ahead of theory, as is often the case in other areas of human knowledge.

The simplest hygienic rules, some of which have survived until now, were known to many ancient peoples 3000-4000 years BC. In ancient Chinese medical books were discovered hygienic rules and tips regarding proper diet, mode of work, rest and sleep, and beneficial effects of natural factors on human health. Continue reading

The megalithic temples of Malta
The megalithic temples of Malta, which since 1980 are included in the list of protected cultural objects of UNESCO world heritage sites, are a fractured group of seven prehistoric sanctuaries,…

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The Gothic architecture of medieval Europe
Replaced the Romanesque artistic style that prevailed in Western Europe until the twelfth century, came a more Mature form of art - Gothic. Having an Italian origin of the style…

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Abstract the Novorossiysk
Tools are made from stone, bone wood. Then people learned and copper. It took many centuries. In the distant Egypt in 2600 BC constructed the pyramid of Cheops, the largest…

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