The name “megalithic culture” that we often use, reflects our confusion rather than understanding: it literally is just “the culture of the big stones”. And given the fact that stone structures can be found in almost all parts of the world, and that their very presence and technique evokes deep respect for the builders and a lot of questions, allows scientists and researchers of megaliths to relax and not to reckon with the fact that we actually have. And certainly does not tally the construction of megaliths and the statues of Easter island, the Peruvian lines and shapes, Chinese, Egyptian pyramids and the pyramids of other countries and peoples with a man in skins and a stone axe, which, according to official science, lived in that distant era.
Transport of stone blocks was a challenge yet, perhaps more time-consuming than the construction itself. In terms of, for example, of the Caucasus, where he found more than 2000 dolmens (and this is not the limit!), at that time the scientists were hardly the road. Continue reading
If you’ve never heard of the word “Dolmen”, then probably you have question: “what is it?”
Dolmens – this is the First wonder of the world – one of the most mysterious types of archaeological monuments. A miracle that is found in many countries of the world. Dolmens have tremendous power, of which there is no explanation.
Dolmens – “stone boxes” – refers to megalithic structures. Megaliths (from Greek Megas – large and lithos – stone), these ancient structures from multi-ton, often carefully crafted stone blocks are well known in the world.
Megalithic monuments of Europe appear at the end of the VI Millennium BC (about 7.5 thousand years ago). Just before they started building in France. Here in the Western Caucasus the first dolmens were erected in the late fourth Millennium BC In numbers, it is about 3400 BC (plus or minus 50-70 years). This date was obtained as the result of the radiocarbon analysis. Continue reading
The architecture of the Temple of the gods
What attracts tourists is the Temple of the Gods? Aside from the fact that it exists almost two thousand years, the architecture itself draws the eye. The Pantheon looks pretty mysterious because of the lack of Windows. The only window through which the light gets into the room, is a huge hole in the dome. It’s called “Oculus”, in antiquity it was a symbol of the all-seeing eye. Some researchers suggest that Oculus was designed so that the solar rays entering inside the Pantheon, lit up in a specific order one or the other statue. The statue, of course, depicted the ancient gods – Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and others.
The hole was eventually covered with many legends. One of them says that during the construction of the Temple of the Gods the dome of the whole story. In a ready made building was held the first ceremony. And while it is holding the evil spirits could not stand it, began to rush and broke up, breaking a hole in the top of the dome. Continue reading