Empirical observation from everyday experience in the field of personal life, and eventually of social practice was the basis of hygienic knowledge already in ancient times. Based on the instinctive desire of people to preserve life and health, these observations gradually expanded. Depending on the climatic conditions in which people lived, from the habits and social organization of society, hygiene measures, covering a wider field of life improved, although there are no theoretical foundations for their improvement did not exist: the practice is considerably ahead of theory, as is often the case in other areas of human knowledge.
The simplest hygienic rules, some of which have survived until now, were known to many ancient peoples 3000-4000 years BC. In ancient Chinese medical books were discovered hygienic rules and tips regarding proper diet, mode of work, rest and sleep, and beneficial effects of natural factors on human health. Continue reading
The imagination of people for centuries excite the legends of the great ancient civilisations that have vanished from the face of the Earth after catastrophic natural disasters. In different corners of a planet enthusiasts tried to find traces of Atlantis, chabat cousin, Lemuria. The current tragic events in Japan was forced to recall the tiny island of Yonaguni, in the far West of the Japanese archipelago. Off its coast hides one of the most interesting mysteries of ancient history – a city that sank thousands of years ago.
For a long time the most Western island of Japan, located 100 kilometers East of Taiwan, was only interested in fans of diving, as the surrounding waters in winter, flocks are teeming with hammerhead sharks, swim with which love divers. In addition, for a quarter of a century, Yonaguni has attracted the attention of scientists. Continue reading
On the old pier in the English town of Southend has built a cultural center. Thinking through the nuances of design, designers have not forgotten about the birds living in the neighborhood.
In the town of Southend – on – sea (Essex, UK) is one of the longest and oldest piers in the world, survived several fires, shipwrecks two world wars and a number of reconstructions. It was built in the Victorian era, around 1830, but new buildings did not appear on the pier since 2000. In 2009 the Landscape Institute UK has announced a competition to design cultural centre, which was won by the group in the Bureau White Arkitekter, Sprunt and engineering company Price & Myers.
The building has an area of 376 sq m is very different from the Victorian buildings of Southend. It is intended to connect the city to the coastal zone. Fearing flooding, the authors of the project decided to raise the building to the Foundation 1.5 the level of the pier. Continue reading