The culmination of the development of medieval European art is restrained mystical Gothic style, which replaced the lush extravagance of the Romanesque style. Bright mosaic stained glass Windows, soaring spires of the needles, the glow of gold, expression, a Symphony of harmonious combination of light, glass and stone – can be figuratively characterized the Gothic style in the interior. The term “Gothic” appeared in Sunny Italy during the Renaissance. So ironically the Romans called the primitive barbaric cultures of the passing into oblivion of the middle ages. First, the word “Gothic” was used in literature when the author wanted to somewhat ironic to denote in the text distorted Latin. Later Gothic became a definite architectural style, which in a nutshell can be called eerily majestic.
To reproduce in modern homes the Gothic style is not so easy, but its individual elements are often used when creating projects of country houses. Continue reading
On the old pier in the English town of Southend has built a cultural center. Thinking through the nuances of design, designers have not forgotten about the birds living in the neighborhood.
In the town of Southend – on – sea (Essex, UK) is one of the longest and oldest piers in the world, survived several fires, shipwrecks two world wars and a number of reconstructions. It was built in the Victorian era, around 1830, but new buildings did not appear on the pier since 2000. In 2009 the Landscape Institute UK has announced a competition to design cultural centre, which was won by the group in the Bureau White Arkitekter, Sprunt and engineering company Price & Myers.
The building has an area of 376 sq m is very different from the Victorian buildings of Southend. It is intended to connect the city to the coastal zone. Fearing flooding, the authors of the project decided to raise the building to the Foundation 1.5 the level of the pier. Continue reading
The basis for determining a constructive solution of large-panel residential building is its structural diagram.
In practice, the design and construction of large-panel buildings used a significant amount of different design schemes, because of the large variety of space-planning decisions, different levels of development of building materials industry and production of precast products, security of construction sites lifting and transport equipment. The importance in the choice of structural schemes is their techno-economic evaluation. Depending on the constructive scheme of the building materials are defined and the nomenclature of assemblies, depend on it the methods of construction of buildings and technical-economic indicators of large-panel construction.
On the constructive scheme of the large buildings, divided into the frame, and frameless buildings with an incomplete skeleton.
Prefab large-panel houses main structure has a frame consisting of columns and beams. The columns of frame are available both at external, n internal walls; girders can be placed transversely or along the building. Continue reading