Among other things to history, the Maltese archipelago is still world famous for the fact that the oldest man-made structures on Earth are located in these places. This is the megalithic temples. The man, who had never encountered such prehistoric monuments, often raises a number of questions: what kind of temples such as their, where, for what purpose were erected? Let’s start from the very beginning that there is a megalith in General?
In simple terms, is any religious building, built of huge semi-finished or rough boulders, among which are the dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (separately from each other standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence).
Here are cromlechs megaliths. The best known among the cromlechs are considered to be in the world of Carnac (France) and Stonehenge (England) is, but the Maltese buildings are older, they also differ in “accuracy” — on the territory, comparable to a small European city located more than twenty temples. Continue reading
The culmination of the development of medieval European art is restrained mystical Gothic style, which replaced the lush extravagance of the Romanesque style. Bright mosaic stained glass Windows, soaring spires of the needles, the glow of gold, expression, a Symphony of harmonious combination of light, glass and stone – can be figuratively characterized the Gothic style in the interior. The term “Gothic” appeared in Sunny Italy during the Renaissance. So ironically the Romans called the primitive barbaric cultures of the passing into oblivion of the middle ages. First, the word “Gothic” was used in literature when the author wanted to somewhat ironic to denote in the text distorted Latin. Later Gothic became a definite architectural style, which in a nutshell can be called eerily majestic.
To reproduce in modern homes the Gothic style is not so easy, but its individual elements are often used when creating projects of country houses. Continue reading
Bridges trace their history back to ancient times. In the old days – it was just the primitive tools in kind of a log, thrown across small water barriers. Further, in the era of the slave system began to appear the first stone bridges. The most advanced in this building were the ancient Romans. During construction they have already used the cement, the secret of which was initially forgotten, but in the middle ages resumed. In the Roman Empire for the supply of towns water used aqueducts, which was a great progress and confirmation of the greatness of the Empire. By the way, the bridges built by Roman builders use nowadays.
By the Chronicles of the times of the X century the Slavs used in the construction of bridges mainly wood and not stone.
In the twelfth century appears the first floating bridge in Kiev, and the Incas up with hanging rope bridges.
But every era and every century was struck by the architecture of its bridges. Continue reading