CALLANISH SCOTTISH STONEHENGE
The stones and arches of Stonehenge indicate the points of sunrise and sunset and the moon as they move in the course of the year . During the transition from winter to summer the Sun rises every day a little further North than the day before, and reaches the northernmost position at the summer solstice; this provision noted the Heel stone, which was set with striking for that time (2000 – 1500 BC) the accuracy of 0.2°. During the transition from summer to winter every day the Sun rises a little further South than the day before, and reaches its southern most position at the winter solstice; this position is marked by arches. The points of sunrise and sunset in the vernal and autumnal equinoxes are also marked. Thus, in total, six positions of the Sun.
Quite similarly and the Moon rises every night in different points of the horizon, but its movement from the extreme Northern to the extreme southern position occurs much faster than the Sun: two weeks, not six months. Continue reading
The culmination of the development of medieval European art is restrained mystical Gothic style, which replaced the lush extravagance of the Romanesque style. Bright mosaic stained glass Windows, soaring spires of the needles, the glow of gold, expression, a Symphony of harmonious combination of light, glass and stone – can be figuratively characterized the Gothic style in the interior. The term “Gothic” appeared in Sunny Italy during the Renaissance. So ironically the Romans called the primitive barbaric cultures of the passing into oblivion of the middle ages. First, the word “Gothic” was used in literature when the author wanted to somewhat ironic to denote in the text distorted Latin. Later Gothic became a definite architectural style, which in a nutshell can be called eerily majestic.
To reproduce in modern homes the Gothic style is not so easy, but its individual elements are often used when creating projects of country houses. Continue reading
The idea of a unified architectural plan, which built all the Gothic churches, raised for the first time, it seems, by Victor Hugo in “Notre Dame de Paris”, right, not demanded from its author’s great analytical depth. This idea lies on the surface, obvious to anyone who visited a number of iconic buildings of Gothic architecture. Nevertheless, the impression on “all ye who enter here incoming” all of them are different, and some do not produce any. All of the people, the skeletons of which are also virtually indistinguishable from each other.
On what basis is the Prague St. Vitus Cathedral is considered one of the greatest Gothic churches in the world? For its size it will not, perhaps, in the list of the first fifty of them. Its interior decoration and especially the stained glass Windows really make a strong impression, but also their unique, after all, difficult to call. In particular, the stained glass chapel of Saint-Chapelle in Paris, at least, not worse. Then what? This question must, apparently, to meet the professionals – architects or art historians, the majority of the “uninitiated” so, the only conclusion ultra-high concentration in this structure, the basic concept of Gothic architecture: “awesome greatness”. Continue reading