structural

Ancient underground structures

The sanctuary, close to Mayak, which was excavated in the Northern Caucasus, in early medieval Bulgaria. All of them are built on the principle of “square in square”, that is, inside a large rectangular or square structures there is less, if a rectangular square shape, inside of which a fire was burning. This is one of the characteristic traditions of the Turkic religious buildings where worship of fire, sun, light has occupied an important place.

In 1988 in the study of Vlasov Second burial ground of the bronze age and early iron age, situated 2 miles North of the village of Vlasivka of Gribanovsky area of the Voronezh region (excavations by A. T. Sinica and D. V. Berezutsky) revealed very interesting and totally unique building – underground labyrinth, construction area of about 254 square meters (the scheme ). Continue reading

Dolmens – the mysterious appearance of archaeological sites

If you’ve never heard of the word “Dolmen”, then probably you have question: “what is it?”

Dolmens – this is the First wonder of the world – one of the most mysterious types of archaeological monuments. A miracle that is found in many countries of the world. Dolmens have tremendous power, of which there is no explanation.

Dolmens – “stone boxes” – refers to megalithic structures. Megaliths (from Greek Megas – large and lithos – stone), these ancient structures from multi-ton, often carefully crafted stone blocks are well known in the world.

Megalithic monuments of Europe appear at the end of the VI Millennium BC (about 7.5 thousand years ago). Just before they started building in France. Here in the Western Caucasus the first dolmens were erected in the late fourth Millennium BC In numbers, it is about 3400 BC (plus or minus 50-70 years). This date was obtained as the result of the radiocarbon analysis. Continue reading

Famous Gothic buildings

Design schemes

The basis for determining a constructive solution of large-panel residential building is its structural diagram.

In practice, the design and construction of large-panel buildings used a significant amount of different design schemes, because of the large variety of space-planning decisions, different levels of development of building materials industry and production of precast products, security of construction sites lifting and transport equipment. The importance in the choice of structural schemes is their techno-economic evaluation. Depending on the constructive scheme of the building materials are defined and the nomenclature of assemblies, depend on it the methods of construction of buildings and technical-economic indicators of large-panel construction.

On the constructive scheme of the large buildings, divided into the frame, and frameless buildings with an incomplete skeleton.

Prefab large-panel houses main structure has a frame consisting of columns and beams. The columns of frame are available both at external, n internal walls; girders can be placed transversely or along the building. Continue reading

The oldest ruling dynasty in the history
Deity Japanese legends and in particular according to the epic "Kojiki" Jimmu was the great-grandson of the sun goddess and that's why it is not only the founder of the…

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Mandalas are ancient religions, countries and peoples
The mandala known since ancient times as a unique gravelly ((from the Greek. γράφω — write -EMA) is a unit of written speech (in the alphabet — the letter eg.…

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The megalithic temples of Malta
The megalithic temples of Malta, which since 1980 are included in the list of protected cultural objects of UNESCO world heritage sites, are a fractured group of seven prehistoric sanctuaries,…

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