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The megalithic temples of Malta

Among other things to history, the Maltese archipelago is still world famous for the fact that the oldest man-made structures on Earth are located in these places. This is the megalithic temples. The man, who had never encountered such prehistoric monuments, often raises a number of questions: what kind of temples such as their, where, for what purpose were erected? Let’s start from the very beginning that there is a megalith in General?

In simple terms, is any religious building, built of huge semi-finished or rough boulders, among which are the dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (separately from each other standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence).

Here are cromlechs megaliths. The best known among the cromlechs are considered to be in the world of Carnac (France) and Stonehenge (England) is, but the Maltese buildings are older, they also differ in “accuracy” — on the territory, comparable to a small European city located more than twenty temples. Continue reading

Ancient underground structures

The sanctuary, close to Mayak, which was excavated in the Northern Caucasus, in early medieval Bulgaria. All of them are built on the principle of “square in square”, that is, inside a large rectangular or square structures there is less, if a rectangular square shape, inside of which a fire was burning. This is one of the characteristic traditions of the Turkic religious buildings where worship of fire, sun, light has occupied an important place.

In 1988 in the study of Vlasov Second burial ground of the bronze age and early iron age, situated 2 miles North of the village of Vlasivka of Gribanovsky area of the Voronezh region (excavations by A. T. Sinica and D. V. Berezutsky) revealed very interesting and totally unique building – underground labyrinth, construction area of about 254 square meters (the scheme ). Continue reading

Dolmens – the mysterious appearance of archaeological sites

If you’ve never heard of the word “Dolmen”, then probably you have question: “what is it?”

Dolmens – this is the First wonder of the world – one of the most mysterious types of archaeological monuments. A miracle that is found in many countries of the world. Dolmens have tremendous power, of which there is no explanation.

Dolmens – “stone boxes” – refers to megalithic structures. Megaliths (from Greek Megas – large and lithos – stone), these ancient structures from multi-ton, often carefully crafted stone blocks are well known in the world.

Megalithic monuments of Europe appear at the end of the VI Millennium BC (about 7.5 thousand years ago). Just before they started building in France. Here in the Western Caucasus the first dolmens were erected in the late fourth Millennium BC In numbers, it is about 3400 BC (plus or minus 50-70 years). This date was obtained as the result of the radiocarbon analysis. Continue reading

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