The Gothic architecture of medieval Europe
Replaced the Romanesque artistic style that prevailed in Western Europe until the twelfth century, came a more Mature form of art – Gothic. Having an Italian origin of the style name was translated as “something barbarous, unusual”.
Gothic architecture has its own specific characteristics, which can be summed up in three words: city, carnival, chivalry. Rising cathedrals ended in narrow streets, the wide Windows there was blue glass and drapery. The main colors of this style are blue, yellow and red. The Gothic Lancet inherent in the lines, arches, formed of two intersecting arches and ribbed duplicate lines. In terms of all the buildings acquired a rectangular shape. They were decorated turning into pillars supporting pointed arches. Stone steel frame design, delicate, as if they specially emphasized the skeleton of the structure. Elongated up Windows were decorated with colorful stained-glass Windows, and the top of the building was often decorated with small decorative round Windows. Pointed arch door openings had a ribbed structure, and the doors themselves were made of oak. Gothic architecture was read even in the interior: the high halls were built long and narrow. If they were wider, then the center certainly lined up a number of columns, is made of Derevyannoye panels, coffered ceiling or fan arches with supports. All – Gothic.
The Gothic cathedrals of Europe
The Gothic architecture of the middle Ages is, first of all, temples, churches, cathedrals and monasteries, for the very Gothic art was very religious on the subject and turned to eternity and the higher divine forces. To feel the grandeur of these buildings, consider some of the most brightest representatives of Gothic art, the most famous of the European cathedrals.
The Heart Of Vienna. Austria. St. Stephen’s Cathedral
Built on the ruins of two churches, he has survived many wars and is today a symbol of freedom for all citizens.
The Cathedral of Burgos. Spain
The medieval Cathedral, built in honor of the virgin Mary, famous for its enormous size and unique architecture.
France. Reims. Reims Cathedral
Here were officially crowned all French monarchs.
Italy. Milan. Milan Cathedral
This is unrealistically large and extremely complex Gothic Cathedral. It is located on the main square of Milan and is one of the most famous architectural creations of Europe. The Gothic architecture of Milan Cathedral, amazes even the most harsh skeptic of its unreal beauty and magnificence.
Spain. Sevilla. Seville Cathedral
At the time of construction was the largest in the world. Built on the site of exalted Almohad mosque, it retains the columns and some of its elements, and which was once the minaret, decorated with ornament and rich patterns of the famous Giralda was converted into a bell tower.
The construction of the building started in 1230 and finished in 1472, therefore, the Gothic architecture of the Cathedral includes all stages of its development. York Minster is one of two the largest and most impressive Gothic cathedrals along with the Cathedral in Cologne (Germany) in Europe. It is famous for its beautiful stained glass window.
France. Paris. The Hunchback Of Notre Dame
Notre-Dame de Paris, perhaps the most famous French Gothic Cathedral with a peculiar style of architecture, sculptures and stained glass Windows. December 2, 1804, in its walls, was crowned on the Imperial throne Napoleon Bonaparte himself.
Germany. Cologne. Cologne Cathedral
The construction of the Cathedral lasted more than 600 years. The height of this gigantic structures – 157,4 meters. For many centuries it is a symbol of the city and the main Church of the Archdiocese of Cologne.
Italy. Florence. Santa Maria del Fiore
This is one of the most beautiful buildings in Florence, its outside walls are covered with marble panels of different colors: white, pink, green. But most of all impresses with its size of a huge brick dome.
France. Chartres. Chartres Cathedral French Gothic architecture, this Cathedral has been preserved almost perfectly, most of its original stained glass has remained virtually untouched since the beginning of the XIII century.