The megalithic temples of Malta
The megalithic temples of Malta, which since 1980 are included in the list of protected cultural objects of UNESCO world heritage sites, are a fractured group of seven prehistoric sanctuaries, built with the help of huge stone boulders on the Islands of Malta and Gozo. Just within the boundaries of the Maltese archipelago rises more than twenty similar structures, which are one thousand years older than the Egyptian pyramid complex at Giza. All of them were created with the use of megaliths – huge stone blocks, partially or completely treated. The size of some of the stones reach eight meters in length and a weight of fifty tons. Like their more famous counterparts Machu Picchu in Peru and Stonehenge in the English County of Wiltshire, the temples were built in the same style without the use of any fastening solution.
Still remain unknown the explanation of such an unusual construction designs, each of which has its own unique history. The oldest megalithic temples of Malta are the two sanctuaries of Gigantii, nestled on the island of Gozo. This North and South temple, as they are dubbed experts, built during the bronze age and stand out from the rest of the facilities sokiryanskiy size. The temples, whose excavations were begun in the mid-nineteenth century, are situated next to each other and have a common rear wall, slightly concave facade and a stone platform in front of the entrance. Among other things, South the temple is recognized as the oldest artificial structure on a planet of all known science to date.
Of particular interest are five temples located on the island of Malta. This unique architectural complex Haggar-They are located on top of a small hill a few kilometers from the Maltese capital city, near the village called Qrendi, which consists of several impressive buildings, protected by a single fortified wall. Nearby you can discover the Mnajdra temples are erected by ancient people, possessing fairly scarce resources for this. Another temple, called Tarciana features four individual buildings noted for their great complexity. The complexes of Sorrow and TA-Hagrat it is possible to trace the evolution of local traditions of temple art.