The most magnificent Catholic churches
Cologne Cathedral (Cologne Cathedral)
This Cathedral is not only one of the most famous Catholic shrines in Germany and the landmark of the city for many centuries. Since 1880, when finished to build the spires, until 1884, the Church was the tallest building in the world. Although she lost the title of tallest building to the Washington monument, however, is still the tallest Church built in the Gothic style.
I started to build a Shrine on the site of a former Roman temple in the 13th century and completed after 600 years. The Cathedral was built in honor of the virgin Mary and the Apostle Peter. Here is the biggest Shrine in Western Europe – the sarcophagus with the relics of the Magi. Carried a gilded sarcophagus from Milan.
Aachen Cathedral (Aachen Cathedral)
The oldest in Northern Europe, the Cathedral has the name of the Cathedral of the Empire. Its construction began in the distant year 786 architect by the name of Charlemagne (Charlemagne). When, in 814 year the architect died, his remains were buried in the Cathedral in a private chapel. On the sarcophagus of the great architect and you can see now. By the way, he owns the most important in the composition of the Cathedral the Palace Chapelle (Palace Chapel). Now she seems tiny compared to the later built elements of the Church. In General, the architecture of the Cathedral is incorporated in a classical Byzantine, German-Franciscan styles. In his 30 strobila crowned emperors of the Roman Empire, and the Cathedral was built about 600 years.
The Basilica of the National Shrine of the assumption of the virgin Mary (Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary)
The Shrine, built in the United States immediately after the adoption of the Constitution, at the time, was the most majestic Church in all of North America. Built building Benjamin Henry Latrobe (Benjamin Henry Latrobe) from 1804 to 1821. This architect is known for his work on the Capitol.
The Basilica of the Shrine of the Immaculate Conception (Basilica of the Shrine of the Immaculate Conception)
The Basilica dedicated to the Holy virgin Mary, the patroness of the U.S.; the Cathedral is the biggest temple in the entire Western Hampshire, as in the United States of America has no official religion, however, the Basilica became the unofficial national Church.
Start of construction of the Church had in 1921, and opened a Basilica in 1959. It is built in the Romanesque style, there are many chapels, decorated with mosaics. Also here is one of the largest mosaics in the world – its size is 3600 m2. It shows Christ in the form of Pancrator – traditional image for Eastern Christian world.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral in new York (St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York)
The Cathedral was built in Gothic style in the heart of the metropolis. Annually it is visited by about 3 million people. The Church is generously decorated with beautiful stained glass Windows that were created in France, England and the USA. The real gem of the Cathedral is the work of Charles conic (Charles Connick) – stained glass window called “Window of roses”. The organ may at the same time around 2,200 people – so designed the Cathedral. By the way, here are three body.
Westminster Cathedral (Cathedral Church of Westminster)
Westminster Cathedral is in London. Dedicated to the blessed Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Cathedral was built in early Eastern Christian Byzantine style by the architect Francisco John Bentley (John Francis Bentley). The first stone of construction was laid in 1895, but after 8 years the Church opened.
The Cathedral Of The Mother Of God, Paris (Notre Dame, Paris)
The famous Cathedral was started in the heart of Paris in 1163, but completed it only in 1345. Then changed the interior in the Gothic style.
The Cathedral contains several chapels, which were built in different years 12-13 V. in Notre-Dame de Paris ruled outstanding liturgical mass: mass in honor of the liberation of France (1944), the mass in honor of Charles de Gaulle (1970), the mass of Pope John Paul II (1980).
The Church Of St. Seraphim Of Fraziska (Saint Francis Seraph Church)
The Church was built in honor of the founder of the Franciscan order Francis Seraphim. Located in Philadelphia and is the main Church of the Catholic diocese in the area.
The Church Of St. Bavo (Saint Bavo Cathedral)
Saint Bavo originally from Belgium. According to the legend, he was a Duke, had a wife and daughter. However, after the death of his wife decided not to marry more and to devote himself to the service of God. Now the Church built in his honor is the largest in area Catholic parish. In addition to services it is possible to listen to organ music and attend the concerts of famous musicians.
The Basilica Of The Holy Virgin Mary, Covington, Kentucky (St. Mary’s Basilica, Covington, Kentucky)
And this Basilica is known for the world’s largest stained-glass window – a length of 61 meters and a width of 22 meters. The stained glass is an Ecumenical Council 5 article in Ephesus during which the virgin Mary was proclaimed Mother of God. The location of the relics – Covington, ky, USA.
St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City (St. Peter’s Basilica)
It is impossible not to remember that perhaps the greatest relic of the Catholic world. It is believed that construction began by order of Emperor Constantine in 342 ad and in the 15th century it was decided to make some changes to the design and interior of the Basilica. Reconstruction began during the reign of Pope Julius II in 1504, and was completed under Pope Paul V in 1615. Over the finish worked a lot of outstanding masters. Let us recall the arches of the Basilica, painted by Michelangelo. After his death the case was completed by the student of master Giacomo della Porta.